At my studio I teach a programme called Stepping Stones for 2-3s, and 3-5s.  The kindy class, 3-4s is the most popular and I think the most interesting in that there is so much growth that year.  Teaching to that age can be challenging  but I love it!


Preschooler music classMusic walks hand in hand with language development and children love hearing and moving to music. This is the ideal time to introduce them to the joy of music. They need opportunities to move, sing, listen and interact with instruments. Music blossoms in a rich environment of music and children will start to weave it into the fabric of their lives. Many life-lasting attitudes are established at this time so without music it is unlikely that this love will emerge at a later date.

Make music part of your family life!

Music is experienced with the whole body. Movement is a natural part of music so children need to move to music. This also develops the natural sense of beat and rhythm. Creative movement, make-believe, walking, running, jumping, twisting, galloping, hopping, stretching, finger play, use of balls, bean bags, hoops, balancing, dancing, circle games are all part of movement and experiencing music at this age.

Our first musical instrument is our own voice and singing is a delightful way of entering the musical world of joy and relaxation. Children love singing and although only a small percentage of children will be able to sing in tune at three, singing will give them great joy, and their control of the voice will quickly improve.

Quiet listening activities increase their ability to listen in a focused way, which helps accurate learning.

Children love to experience the physical sensation of playing simple instruments. This can be seen from a very early age when small crawling children discover the saucepans! They delight in the physical feel and the cause and effect of their action. Many very simple instruments can be made at home using kitchen equipment, containers, cardboard, paper, scissors and glue.


1. Provide a home environment that embraces music. No need to go overboard here. You just need to enjoy music yourself and enjoy humming along to music on the radio. Play a variety of music from rock to gentle lullabies. Sing some nursery and pre-school songs together. This will show in a natural way that you value music. Your child will absorb this sense of pleasure as part of family life.
2. Listen to CDs and learn the songs by singing along when ever you and you child feel like it.
3. Make some simple instruments at home together. These are actually better than buying percussion instruments which children quickly tire of. Home-made instruments last just as long as the interest.
4. Think outside the box.  Don’t be too rigid in your expectations.
5. If you go to a music class, try some of the activities that were done in class. Look for books of ideas.


These ideas, which help my own parents, may well help you as you explore the world of music with your child.

The class Kindy Kids is designed for 3-4 year-olds and lasts from 40-45 minutes each week. At this age children attend on their own but parents are expected to stay close by. The reason for this is that when parents are present children tend not to participate fully. They are very used to parents doing all the thinking for them and are quite happy watching parents doing everything for them. For many this is the first time they have been valued for themselves in a small group. Some will find this daunting, but with your full support and total confidence in them you will be surprised how quickly they will become a confident member of the group.

They will, of course, copy one another but originality is valued so they will start coming up with their own ideas and the group will flourish. Children this age love to talk and don’t usually need much encouragement!

For the last 10 minutes parents are invited back into the class and the little ones proudly show them what they have been doing and parents join in with a few dances. Circle dances are difficult to do without parents! It always astounds me how children change when their parents come into the room. Sometimes the change is dramatic. Shy children suddenly start bouncing off the walls and outward-going children suddenly become very withdrawn and disinterested. All of this is normal, but don’t judge your own, or other people’s children, by what you see at the end of the lesson. Remember that all children are progressing at their own pace and in different ways. Parents are asked to be encouraging to all children so that the children feel they are in a safe, accepting place and that each is valued by the group.
Parents are asked to join in with enthusiasm. Children don’t notice if you can’t sing very well, or you can’t hop very well. But they will notice if you opt out or look as if you are not enjoying it, and their whole attitude to music will change accordingly. Remember – they see the world through your eyes.

My Stepping Stones programmes have the following broad aims, and you should make sure that any class you enroll your child in has similar aims:

• Build confidence by showing efforts are valued by others
• Develop self-esteem performing alone in small and successful ways
• Develop sense of rhythm
• Develop listening and singing skills
• Increase co-ordination through activities involving gross motor and fine motor skills
• Develop aural memory
• Encourage sharing/cooperation/respect/tolerance/turn-taking/patience
• Musical games and dancing
• Learning songs
• Learning chants
• Playing/exploring a variety of percussion instruments
• Making simple instruments
• Encouraging in-tune singing
• Encouraging solo activities
• Listening activities
• Rhythm/beat activities
• Creativity/improvisation
• Singing what we write and writing what we sing
• Learning about instruments and other cultures

liquorice assorts arranged in row

Life is a game


Each programme in Stepping Stones is designed to meet the needs of children of a particular age from 2 to 5 years and beyond. It is fun, fast moving and child-orientated.
The programme is only loosely structured and will vary depending on the group. While the children are having fun there is much learning going on.

These activities are all planned to introduce and reinforce the following concepts:
1. Beat and rhythm
2. Singing and pitch
3. Memory extension
4. Focused listening
5. Direction of sound
6. Loud/soft
7. Slow/fast
8. Long/short
9. High/low
10. Range of songs
11. Adding music to stories
12. Creative/make-believe/imagination
13. Explore: stringed instruments, keyboard instruments, wind instruments, percussion
14. Build confidence
15. Make each child feel valued

If a child has had these experiences before school they will be well on the way to a joyful life of music.